Tens of thousands of ordinary people have had to flee their homes – with hundreds killed or injured in recent weeks – as Taliban insurgents continue to gain ground in Afghanistan.
As foreign troops withdraw, many Afghans fear a brutal return to the regime of the 1990s, which was characterised by public executions, stonings and girls being banned from school.
But what do the Taliban want from Afghanistan now?
The BBC’s Yalda Hakim has been to speak to two high profile figures in its chain of command – and heard two very different messages.
Filmed and directed by Gus Palmer.
Produced by Yalda Hakim and Karolina Mottram.
Edited by Tristan Martin, David Croft and Helene Daouphars.
Viewers in the UK can watch the full documentary on BBC iPlayer: Our world. Return of the Taliban from Saturday 14 August